United States Elections Project
   
 

2004 General Election Turnout Rates

Last Updated: 12/28/11

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Please see the FAQ for information on the construction of these statistics. Turnout data are culled from state electon websites. The demoninator data reflect the July 1, 2004 and 2005 voting-age population estimates (2010 intercensal adjustments) interpolated to Nov. 2004, non-citizen estimates are interpolated from 2000 Census and the 2006 American Community Survey interpolated to Nov. 2004, the year end-year 2004 DOJ prison report and the end-year 2004 DOJ probation and parole report. The overseas eligible estimate is recently updated with data provided by the Federal Voting Assistance Program. Note that these data provide preliminary estimates of the turnout and voting-eligible population for the November, 2004 election. These statistics are updated continually as new data become available.

VEP Turnout Rate <recommended statistic> is the vote for highest office divided by the voting-eligible population or VEP. In a midterm election, the vote for highest office is the highest vote tally for Governor, U.S. Senator, or combined House of Representatives. The voting-eligible population is the best estimate of the number of people eligible to vote.
VEP Total Ballots Counted Turnout Rate is the total ballots counted divded by the voting-eligible population. The total ballots cast includes blank and other such ballots, but does not include rejected provisional ballots. This would be the preferred turnout rate statistic, but all states do not report total ballots cast. An adjustment based on the ratio of votes for highest office to the tital ballots cast for the states that report both numbers has been applied to the national highest office to estimate the U.S. total turnout rate.
VAP Rate is the vote for highest office divided by the voting-age population, all residents age 18 and older. Although not recommended, this statistic is provided for organizations such as polling firms that sample the voting-age population.

Again, please see the FAQ for more information.

State
VEP
Highest
Office
Turnout
Rate

VEP
Total
Ballots
Counted
Turnout
Rate
VAP
Turnout
Rate
VAP
%
Non-citizen
Prison
Probation
Parole
Total
Ineligible Felon
Overseas Eligible
VEP
Highest Office
Total
Turnout
United States 60.1% 60.7% 55.4% 220,336,019 8.2% 1,490,169 2,387,283 474,632 3,158,443 3,862,836 203,483,455 122,294,978 123,535,883
Alabama 57.2% 57.4% 55.2% 3,427,542 1.9% 26,521 36,795 7,745 52,664 3,292,608 1,883,415 1,890,317
Alaska 69.1% 69.6% 65.2% 476,378 4.0% 4,515 5,547 951 8,240 452,124 312,598 314,502
Arizona 54.1% 54.8% 47.0% 4,215,706 11.5% 31,631 69,343 5,671 71,974 3,717,055 2,012,585 2,038,069
Arkansas 53.6% 54.4% 51.0% 2,072,986 2.8% 13,477 29,128 14,844 42,885 1,969,208 1,054,945 1,070,573
California 58.8% 59.6% 47.1% 26,246,548 18.8% 166,053 0 110,261 276,314 21,132,533 12,421,852 12,589,367
Colorado 66.7% 67.3% 61.2% 3,443,164 7.5% 19,756 0 7,383 27,139 3,192,647 2,129,630 2,148,036
Connecticut 65.0% 66.2% 59.7% 2,652,587 7.3% 20,018 0 2,552 22,570 2,429,634 1,578,769 1,607,808
Delaware 64.2% 64.5% 59.4% 635,370 4.7% 6,973 18,725 539 16,875 584,817 375,190 377,407
District of Columbia 54.3% 54.9% 48.9% 458,758 10.0% 0 0 0 0 419,142 227,586 230,105
Florida 64.4% 64.7% 56.1% 13,643,828 11.2% 84,733 281,170 4,888 230,206 11,811,921 7,609,810 7,640,319
Georgia 56.2% 56.4% 50.0% 6,499,325 6.8% 48,625 419,350 23,344 281,644 5,878,186 3,301,875 3,317,336
Hawaii 48.2% 48.5% 44.1% 982,882 7.9% 5,946 0 0 5,946 889,540 429,013 431,662
Idaho 63.2% 64.8% 58.7% 1,016,255 4.1% 6,312 44,580 2,370 30,972 946,160 598,376 612,786
Illinois 61.5% 62.4% 55.7% 9,391,420 9.0% 44,379 0 0 44,379 8,576,696 5,274,322 5,350,493
Indiana 54.8% 55.8% 53.0% 4,660,157 2.7% 23,760 0 0 23,760 4,504,260 2,468,002 2,512,142
Iowa 69.9% 70.6% 67.4% 2,239,979 2.6% 8,611 22,832 3,317 23,344 2,156,389 1,506,908 1,521,966
Kansas 61.6% 62.9% 58.3% 2,032,763 4.3% 9,152 14,309 4,525 20,832 1,928,764 1,187,756 1,213,108
Kentucky 58.7% 59.4% 56.9% 3,157,464 1.7% 17,763 33,286 8,006 42,412 3,057,741 1,795,860 1,816,867
Louisiana 61.1% 61.5% 58.5% 3,379,937 1.8% 36,745 38,470 24,387 80,367 3,182,762 1,943,106 1,956,590
Maine 73.8% 74.9% 72.6% 1,022,043 1.6% 0 0 0 0 1,003,792 740,752 751,519
Maryland 62.9% 63.1% 57.2% 4,179,376 7.2% 23,727 76,676 14,351 76,416 3,797,264 2,386,705 2,395,791
Massachusetts 64.2% 64.6% 58.7% 4,935,787 8.4% 10,365 0 0 10,365 4,533,859 2,912,388 2,927,455
Michigan 66.6% 67.1% 63.9% 7,508,568 3.4% 48,591 0 0 48,591 7,263,024 4,839,252 4,875,692
Minnesota 78.4% 78.8% 73.9% 3,819,020 3.9% 8,613 114,226 3,872 69,598 3,609,185 2,828,387 2,842,912
Mississippi 55.7% 54.2% 2,133,681 1.2% 20,429 21,324 1,979 33,070 2,068,766 1,152,365
Missouri 65.3% 66.1% 62.9% 4,339,414 1.9% 30,775 53,832 17,400 75,091 4,180,960 2,731,364 2,764,635
Montana 64.4% 65.2% 63.4% 711,858 1.0% 3,800 0 0 3,800 699,114 450,445 456,096
Nebraska 62.9% 64.1% 59.8% 1,305,430 4.0% 4,042 17,994 805 13,844 1,236,522 778,186 792,906
Nevada 55.3% 55.4% 47.3% 1,776,962 13.2% 10,971 12,521 3,610 20,842 1,501,437 829,587 831,563
New Hampshire 70.9% 71.5% 68.4% 984,422 3.2% 2,441 0 0 2,441 956,422 677,738 683,672
New Jersey 63.8% 64.2% 55.2% 6,513,394 11.7% 28,107 143,315 14,180 113,945 5,663,201 3,611,691 3,638,153
New Mexico 59.0% 60.4% 53.9% 1,411,419 7.4% 6,341 17,725 2,676 17,880 1,282,767 756,304 775,301
New York 58.0% 58.5% 50.2% 14,598,898 12.6% 64,596 0 54,524 119,120 12,738,056 7,391,249 7,448,266
North Carolina 57.8% 58.7% 53.9% 6,505,150 5.3% 34,917 111,537 2,882 93,568 6,055,771 3,501,007 3,552,449
North Dakota 64.8% 65.5% 63.8% 496,479 1.3% 1,266 0 0 1,266 482,722 312,833 316,049
Ohio 66.8% 67.9% 65.1% 8,624,277 2.0% 44,770 0 0 44,770 8,427,696 5,627,908 5,722,443
Oklahoma 58.3% 55.3% 2,649,994 3.4% 24,767 28,435 4,329 43,314 2,510,823 1,463,758
Oregon 72.0% 72.6% 66.8% 2,736,472 6.8% 13,219 0 0 13,219 2,550,887 1,836,782 1,851,671
Pennsylvania 62.6% 60.6% 9,554,349 2.7% 40,692 0 0 40,692 9,221,962 5,769,590
Rhode Island 58.5% 58.9% 52.9% 827,513 7.6% 3,701 26,085 368 17,112 747,046 437,134 440,228
South Carolina 53.0% 53.2% 50.7% 3,198,733 2.7% 24,173 38,856 2,217 45,818 3,055,098 1,617,730 1,626,720
South Dakota 68.2% 69.4% 66.9% 576,472 1.4% 3,101 0 0 3,101 569,161 388,215 394,930
Tennessee 56.3% 56.8% 54.1% 4,496,929 2.6% 25,834 47,392 8,410 57,940 4,328,446 2,437,319 2,456,610
Texas 53.7% 45.4% 16,284,659 12.5% 169,110 428,773 102,072 485,569 13,796,256 7,410,765
Utah 58.9% 59.8% 54.7% 1,664,066 6.8% 5,802 0 0 5,802 1,574,463 927,844 942,010
Vermont 66.3% 66.7% 65.0% 480,053 2.1% 0 0 0 0 470,754 312,309 314,220
Virginia 60.6% 61.1% 56.2% 5,699,175 6.2% 35,472 43,470 4,392 61,599 5,277,156 3,198,367 3,223,156
Washington 66.9% 67.5% 60.8% 4,683,829 7.4% 16,559 125,222 120 79,290 4,272,914 2,859,084 2,883,499
West Virginia 54.1% 55.1% 53.4% 1,425,689 0.6% 4,980 6,977 1,216 9,685 1,396,545 755,887 769,645
Wisconsin 74.8% 75.3% 71.6% 4,172,068 2.7% 22,905 54,970 13,883 64,273 4,006,948 2,997,007 3,016,288
Wyoming 65.7% 66.3% 63.7% 386,796 1.7% 1,923 4,418 563 4,695 370,785 243,428 245,789