United States Elections Project
   
 

2008 General Election Turnout Rates

Last Updated: 3/31/12

All states have now posted offical or certified results. There are a few minor outstanding issues that may revise these numbers slightly. I discuss and provide links to the state election results here.

Please see the FAQ for information on the construction of these statistics. The demoninator data reflect the July 1, 2008 and July 1, 2009 voting-age population estimates (2010 intercensial adjustment) interpolated to Nov. 2008, non-citizen estimates from the 2008 and 2009 American Community Surveys interpolated to Nov. 2008, the year end-year 2008 DOJ prison report and the end-year 2008 DOJ probation and parole report. The overseas eligible estimate is recently updated with data provided by the Federal Voting Assistance Program.

Special Note on Overseas Citizen Population: This is the first election where I have apportioned overseas voters to the states whereas in the past I have only estimated a national overseas citizen population. For consistency with previous elections, in the turnout rates reported here the national voting-eligible population adjusts for overseas citizens, but the state VEP estimates do not. These state level overseas citizens estimates are provided for those who wish to further adjust state level turnout rates for overseas citizens.

Note that these data provide preliminary estimates of the turnout and voting-eligible population for the November, 2008 election. These statistics are updated continually as new data become available. Most recently, they have been updated for July 1, 2009 voting-age population estimates.

VEP Turnout Rate <recommended statistic> is the vote for highest office divided by the voting-eligible population or VEP. In a midterm election, the vote for highest office is the highest vote tally for Governor, U.S. Senator, or combined House of Representatives. The voting-eligible population is the best estimate of the number of people eligible to vote.
VEP Total Ballots Counted Turnout Rate is the total turnout (or total ballots counted) divded by the voting-eligible population. The total ballots cast includes blank and other such ballots, but does not include rejected absentee and provisional ballots. This would be the preferred turnout rate statistic, but all states do not report total ballots cast. To estimate the total ballots cast nationally, the national vote for president is multiplied by 1.0098%, which is the ratio of votes for highest office to the total ballots cast for the states that report both numbers. I expect more states to report their total ballots cast and will update this estimate when more information is available. Most recently, I have added total turnout statistics for Missouri and Oklahoma drawn from the U.S. Election Assistance Commission's 2008 Election Day Survey. In all other instances the turnout data reported here is from official state sources, which may be different from the 2008 Election Day Survey for numerous reasons.
VAP Rate is the vote for highest office divided by the voting-age population, all residents age 18 and older. Although not recommended, this statistic is provided for organizations such as polling firms that sample the voting-age population.

Again, please see the FAQ for more information.

State VEP
Highest
Office
Turnout
Rate
VEP
Total
Ballots
Counted
Turnout
Rate
VAP
Turnout
Rate
Voting-Age Population % Non-citizen Prison Probation Parole Total Ineligible Felon Overseas Eligible Voting-Eligible Population Highest Office Total Turnout
United States 61.6% 62.2% 56.9% 230,872,030 8.4% 1,605,448 2,451,085 627,680 3,144,831 4,972,217 213,313,508 131,304,731 132,609,063
Alabama 60.8% 61.0% 58.4% 3,595,708 2.2% 30,508 53,252 8,042 61,155 74,079 3,454,510 2,099,819 2,105,622
Alaska 68.0% 68.3% 64.3% 507,645 3.7% 5,014 6,708 1,732 9,234 60,686 479,429 326,197 327,341
Arizona 56.7% 57.4% 49.1% 4,673,718 11.6% 39,589 82,232 7,534 84,472 90,036 4,046,075 2,293,475 2,320,851
Arkansas 52.5% 52.9% 50.0% 2,174,846 2.9% 14,716 31,169 19,908 40,255 43,963 2,071,563 1,086,617 1,095,958
California 60.9% 61.7% 49.5% 27,411,094 17.9% 173,670 0 120,753 234,047 486,207 22,261,504 13,561,900 13,743,177
Colorado 71.0% 71.6% 64.7% 3,708,955 8.0% 23,274 0 11,654 29,101 71,854 3,382,959 2,401,361 2,422,236
Connecticut 66.6% 60.4% 2,725,917 8.5% 20,661 0 2,328 21,825 45,799 2,471,082 1,646,792
Delaware 65.6% 65.8% 60.6% 680,493 5.3% 7,075 17,216 551 15,959 12,658 628,200 412,398 413,562
District of Columbia 61.5% 61.7% 55.2% 481,971 10.3% 0 0 0 0 6,916 432,566 265,853 266,871
Florida 66.1% 66.6% 57.6% 14,558,436 11.2% 102,388 279,760 4,528 244,532 451,907 12,687,407 8,390,744 8,453,743
Georgia 62.5% 62.7% 55.6% 7,063,638 7.3% 52,719 397,081 23,448 262,984 141,001 6,281,872 3,924,440 3,940,705
Hawaii 48.8% 49.0% 43.8% 1,036,088 9.7% 5,955 0 0 5,955 20,090 930,067 453,568 456,064
Idaho 63.6% 64.8% 58.6% 1,117,842 4.9% 7,290 49,513 3,361 33,727 26,779 1,029,416 655,032 667,506
Illinois 63.6% 64.3% 57.4% 9,615,700 9.2% 45,474 0 0 45,474 200,530 8,681,138 5,523,051 5,578,195
Indiana 59.1% 60.3% 57.0% 4,826,231 3.0% 28,322 0 0 28,322 89,605 4,653,019 2,751,054 2,805,986
Iowa 69.4% 69.7% 66.9% 2,298,515 2.6% 8,766 22,958 3,159 21,825 43,108 2,216,094 1,537,123 1,543,662
Kansas 62.0% 63.5% 58.8% 2,100,084 4.2% 8,539 16,263 4,958 19,150 42,495 1,991,759 1,235,872 1,264,208
Kentucky 57.9% 59.0% 55.7% 3,277,617 2.2% 21,706 51,035 12,277 53,362 58,518 3,152,629 1,826,508 1,858,578
Louisiana 61.2% 61.8% 58.7% 3,342,279 2.0% 38,381 40,025 24,636 70,712 68,285 3,205,794 1,960,761 1,979,852
Maine 70.6% 71.8% 69.6% 1,049,816 1.3% 0 0 0 0 21,362 1,036,242 731,163 744,456
Maryland 67.0% 67.8% 60.6% 4,342,850 7.8% 23,324 96,360 13,220 78,114 77,074 3,925,117 2,631,596 2,661,905
Massachusetts 66.8% 67.3% 60.9% 5,058,035 8.6% 11,408 0 0 11,408 77,830 4,612,550 3,080,985 3,102,995
Michigan 69.2% 69.7% 66.4% 7,528,460 3.3% 48,738 0 0 48,738 163,673 7,229,512 5,001,766 5,039,080
Minnesota 77.8% 78.1% 73.2% 3,975,974 4.0% 9,910 127,627 5,081 76,264 70,063 3,740,142 2,910,369 2,921,147
Mississippi 61.0% 58.9% 2,190,402 1.9% 22,754 22,267 2,922 35,349 45,082 2,113,347 1,289,856
Missouri 67.6% 68.2% 64.9% 4,507,688 2.5% 30,186 57,360 20,683 69,208 96,710 4,327,572 2,925,205 2,950,504
Montana 66.3% 67.1% 65.1% 755,384 1.3% 3,545 0 0 3,545 22,898 741,853 491,960 497,599
Nebraska 62.9% 63.7% 59.4% 1,348,048 4.3% 4,520 19,606 846 14,746 27,311 1,274,719 801,281 811,923
Nevada 57.0% 57.2% 48.4% 2,000,277 14.1% 12,743 13,337 3,908 21,366 45,656 1,696,831 967,848 970,019
New Hampshire 71.7% 72.5% 69.6% 1,021,787 2.6% 2,702 0 0 2,702 25,558 992,226 710,970 719,643
New Jersey 67.0% 67.7% 58.2% 6,651,284 11.7% 25,953 128,737 15,849 98,246 110,559 5,776,527 3,868,237 3,910,220
New Mexico 60.9% 61.2% 55.1% 1,505,830 8.3% 6,402 20,883 3,724 18,706 31,444 1,362,629 830,158 833,365
New York 59.0% 59.6% 51.4% 14,876,971 12.4% 60,347 0 52,225 86,460 263,787 12,948,969 7,640,640 7,721,718
North Carolina 65.5% 66.1% 60.7% 7,096,503 5.9% 39,482 109,678 3,409 96,026 133,483 6,584,302 4,310,789 4,354,571
North Dakota 62.7% 63.6% 61.7% 512,768 1.3% 1,452 0 0 1,452 11,179 504,762 316,621 321,133
Ohio 66.9% 67.8% 65.1% 8,757,453 2.2% 51,686 0 0 51,686 174,703 8,513,079 5,698,260 5,773,777
Oklahoma 55.8% 56.3% 52.8% 2,770,219 4.0% 25,864 27,940 3,073 41,371 57,046 2,619,121 1,462,661 1,474,694
Oregon 67.7% 68.3% 62.7% 2,916,246 6.9% 14,167 0 0 14,167 63,480 2,700,327 1,827,864 1,845,251
Pennsylvania 63.6% 64.2% 61.3% 9,813,664 3.1% 49,215 0 0 49,215 203,791 9,457,942 6,012,692 6,071,357
Rhode Island 61.8% 62.3% 57.1% 825,786 7.0% 4,045 0 0 4,045 13,827 763,608 471,766 475,428
South Carolina 58.0% 58.2% 55.3% 3,473,488 3.4% 24,326 41,254 1,947 45,927 72,241 3,311,044 1,920,969 1,927,153
South Dakota 64.7% 65.6% 63.4% 602,539 1.2% 3,342 0 2,720 4,702 20,144 590,720 381,975 387,449
Tennessee 57.0% 57.4% 54.5% 4,771,926 3.1% 27,228 58,109 10,578 61,572 127,930 4,563,192 2,599,749 2,618,238
Texas 54.1% 45.5% 17,756,112 13.5% 172,506 427,080 102,921 437,507 549,216 14,929,810 8,077,795
Utah 56.0% 57.1% 51.8% 1,840,087 7.2% 6,552 0 0 6,552 31,783 1,700,286 952,370 971,185
Vermont 67.3% 67.7% 66.0% 492,610 2.0% 0 0 0 0 10,546 482,677 325,046 326,822
Virginia 67.0% 67.6% 61.8% 6,022,123 6.6% 38,276 53,614 4,471 67,319 124,689 5,555,415 3,723,260 3,753,059
Washington 66.6% 67.3% 60.3% 5,032,960 7.8% 17,926 113,134 11,768 80,377 138,296 4,561,163 3,036,878 3,071,587
West Virginia 49.9% 51.2% 49.1% 1,453,045 0.8% 6,059 8,283 2,005 11,203 33,788 1,430,439 713,362 731,691
Wisconsin 72.4% 72.7% 69.3% 4,306,876 3.0% 23,379 50,418 18,105 57,641 78,721 4,120,694 2,983,417 2,997,086
Wyoming 62.8% 63.1% 60.9% 418,040 1.7% 2,084 5,438 727 5,167 13,832 405,732 254,658 256,035