United States Elections Project
       
 

2012 Early Voting Statistics

Last updated: Nov. 6, 2012

Total number of ballots cast in all reporting jurisdictions: 32,311,399
Scroll down for a table of statistics on ballots returned and ballots requested or sent.

Previous Blogging

  • A post on lower ballot return rates among registered Democrats (11/3/12)
  • A status report on early voting (10/26/12)
  • A status report on early voting (10/19/12)
  • A status report on early voting (10/12/12)
  • A status report on early voting (9/27/12)
  • An analysis of absentee ballot applications in North Carolina (posted 9/9/12, updated 9/12/12)
  • A report on the start of early voting in North Carolina (posted 9/7/12)
  • A preview what to expect with the 2012 early vote (posted 8/13/12)
 

Media Coverage

Resources

About These Statistics

  • Election officials may not report early voting statistics. I attempt to collect as much of the information about these ballots as possible. However, I do not hound election officials for these statistics because they are busy doing the important work of preparing for the upcoming election. Sometimes data will be available only at the local level. I cannot continuously scan for local data, so I appreciate tips on where to find data.
  • Breakdowns of early voters by party registration, where available, are not votes for president. We do not know who a person registered with a party voted for; these early votes are tabulated on Election Day or after, depending on state law. That said, we might infer that a person registered with a party is likely to support their party's presidential nominee.
  • A county is listed if a state does not report statewide early vote statistics and the county does report early vote statistics.

Early Voting Statistics

Some numbers provided courtesy of the Associated Press Election Research Group or election officials.

State
Elections
Main
Webpage

Early Voting Stats
on
Web
Ballots Cast Ballots Requested or Sent Last
Updated
2012
Early
Vote
Selected
Statistics
2012 Early Vote/ 2008 Total
Vote
2008
Total
Vote
Counted
2008
%
Early
2012
Ballot
Req.
or
Sent
Selected
Statistics
United States   32,311,399   24.5% 132,653,958 30.6%     11/6
Alabama     2,105,622 4.1%      
Alaska     327,341 30.0%      
Arizona         2,320,851 52.9%      
Maricopa Cnty   662,990             11/2
Arkansas Twitter 406,240   37.1% 1,095,958 37.1%     11/5
California
html 4,053,811 29.5% 13,743,177 44.8% 9,204,947   11/6
Colorado pdf 1,872,987
Party Reg
Dem 34.3%
Rep 36.1%
None/Oth 29.6%
77.3% 2,422,236 78.2%     11/6
Connecticut     1,646,792 10.4%      
Delaware     413,562 5.2%      
District of Columbia  
5,472
  2.1% 266,871 10.5%     10/26
Florida Miami-Herald 4,469,393
Party Reg
Dem 42.9%
Rep 39.1%
None/Oth 18.0%
Method
In-person 54.0%
Mail 46.0%
52.9% 8,453,743 54.0% 4,463,123
(no update)
Party Reg
Dem 42.1%
Rep 39.4%
None/Oth 18.5%
11/5
Georgia html 1,885,558   47.8% 3,940,705 53.1% 1,954,091   11/5
Hawaii         456,064 38.5%      
Idaho   159,000   23.8% 667,506 29.6% 51,193   11/2
Illinois       5,578,195 8.7%      
Chicago City html 186,449           11/3
Cook Cnty html 228,695           11/3
Indiana   460,000   16.4% 2,805,986 23.6%     11/2
Marion Cnty   33,485^   8.8% 381,759 24.4%     10/29
Iowa html 673,124
Party Reg
Dem 41.9%
Rep 32.0%
None/Oth 26.1%
43.6% 1,543,662 36.0% 721,890
Party Reg
Dem 42.2%
Rep 31.0%
None/Oth 26.9%
11/6
Kansas         1,264,208 34.7%      
Kentucky   60,488   3.3% 1,858,578 6.3% 11,621   10/29
Louisiana pdf 355,676
Party Reg
Dem 51.0%
Rep 34.5%
None/Oth 14.6%
Race
White 63.8%
Black 33.1%
Other 3.1%
Gender
Female 56.8%
Male 43.2%
Method
In-person 88.6%
Mail 11.4%
18.0% 1,979,852 14.7%     11/6
Maine html 170,038
Party Reg
Dem 39.9%
Rep 29.1%
Green 2.7%
None 28.3%
22.8% 744,456 31.3% 195,245
Party Reg
Dem 39.1%
Rep 28.4%
Green 2.9%
None 29.5%
11/5
Maryland pdf
pdf
534,882
Party Reg
Dem 65.4%
Rep 21.9%
None/Oth 12.7%
Method
In-person 80.5%
Mail 19.5%
20.1% 2,661,905 11.2% 610,978
Party Reg
Dem 64.2%
Rep 22.2%
None/Oth 13.6%
11/5
Massachusetts     3,102,995 6.5%      
Michigan         5,039,080 20.4%      
Minnesota Twitter 235,205   8.1% 2,921,147 10.0% >270,000   11/5
Mississippi html 28,593   2.2% 1,289,856 9.9%     10/22
Missouri       2,992,023 11.1%      
Montana html 257,591   51.8% 497,599 39.7%
306,620
  11/6
Nebraska   166,093   20.5% 811,923 21.8%     11/2
Nevada html 701,845
Party Reg
Dem 43.9%
Rep 37.0%
None/Oth 19.1%
Method
In-person 88.3%
Mail 11.7%
72.4% 970,019 66.9%     11/3
New Hampshire     719,643 10.0%      
New Jersey         3,910,220 7.4%      
New Mexico html 371,809   44.6% 833,365 62.3%     11/5
New York     7,721,718 3.6%      
North Carolina ftp 2,757,476
Party Reg
Dem 47.6%
Rep 31.5%
None/Oth 20.9%
Age
18-29 13.2%
30-44 21.8%
45-59 29.5%
60+ 35.5%
Race
White 67.4%
Black 27.4%
Other 5.3%
Gender
Female 55.9%
Male 43.0%
Unk. 1.1%
Method
In-person 92.6%
Mail 7.4%
63.3% 4,354,571 60.6% 2,793,914
Party Reg
Dem 47.4%
Rep 31.6%
None/Oth 21.0%
11/6
North Dakota html 128,802   40.1% 321,133 37.2% 100,916
(mail only)
  11/5

Ohio*

(Please read note below)

Excel 1,791,334   31.0% 5,773,777 29.7% 1,628,013   11/5
Allen Cnty html 12,671   24.9% 50,943 22.0%     11/5
Ashtabula Cnty html 10,745   23.5% 45,817 18.5%     11/5
Athens Cnty html 9,255   29.2% 31,645 28.4%     11/5
Belmont Cnty html 14,609   44.2% 33,064 41.1%     11/5
Brown Cnty html 4,786   23.4% 20,476 18.4%     11/5
Champaign Cnty html 5,365   26.7% 19,155 25.7%     11/5
Clark Cnty html 20,097   29.7% 67,588 25.6%     11/5
Clinton Cnty html 5,439   27.8% 19,590 26.4%     11/5
Columbiana Cnty html 9,903   20.1% 49,265 15.0%     11/5
Coshocton Cnty html 5,921   34.4% 17,193 31.5%     11/5
Cuyahoga Cnty html 253,512   37.7% 672,750 39.5%     11/5
Darke Cnty html 6,372   24.4% 26,084 20.5%     11/5
Defiance Cnty html 5,848   30.4% 19,232 23.9%     11/5
Delaware Cnty html 37,438   40.2% 93,055 35.1%     11/5
Erie Cnty html 13,615   32.6% 41,729 31.0%     11/5
Fayette Cnty html 3,378   28.5% 11,843 22.7%     11/5
Franklin Cnty html 222,068   39.3% 564,971 44.3%     11/5
Fulton Cnty html 5,387   24.3% 22,173 23.1%     11/5
Gallia Cnty html 3,000   21.9% 13,678 20.4%     11/5
Greene Cnty html 23,921   28.4% 84,255 28.2%     11/5
Hamilton Cnty html 106,380   24.8% 429,267 25.4%     11/5
Hardin Cnty html 3,840   28.8% 13,318 27.0%     11/5
Harrison Cnty html 2,147   27.0% 7,951 22.2%     11/5
Highland Cnty html 5,029   25.8% 19,495 30.0%     11/5
Jefferson Cnty html 12,624   34.5% 36,579 21.4%     11/5
Knox Cnty html 10,527   36.8% 28,571 37.6%     11/5
Lake Cnty html 37,106   30.2% 122,793 33.3%     11/5
Lawrence Cnty html 7,181   25.6% 28,104 21.4%     11/5
Licking Cnty html 26,589   32.0% 83,197 33.9%     11/5
Logan Cnty html 6,397   28.3% 22,598 27.0%     11/5
Lorain Cnty html 49,174   33.2% 148,218 31.2%     11/5
Lucas Cnty html 61,507   27.7% 221,905 28.5%     11/5
Madison Cnty html 5,784   32.6% 17,723 31.2%     11/5
Mahoning Cnty html 40,357   31.3% 128,914 32.1%     11/5
Meigs Cnty html 2,490   23.5% 10,602 18.5%     11/5
Monroe Cnty html 2,264   31.1% 7,277 30.7%     11/5
Montgomery Cnty html 74,140   26.4% 280,746 25.8%     11/5
Muskingum Cnty html 13,429   33.9% 39,667 30.1%     11/5
Noble Cnty html 2,383   37.4% 6,366 33.2%     11/5
Paulding Cnty html 2,791   28.2% 9,908 23.4%     11/5
Pickaway Cnty html 7,237   30.0% 24,092 30.2%     11/5
Portage Cnty html 21,209   26.9% 78,990 23.9%     11/5
Ross Cnty html 10,580   32.6% 32,426 31.8%     11/5
Scioto Cnty html 9,129   27.4% 33,311 20.6%     11/5
Seneca Cnty html 5,884   21.1% 27,885 19.9%     11/5
Stark Cnty html 49,430   26.0% 189,796 22.5%     11/5
Summit Cnty html 83,039   29.6% 280,841 31.2%     11/5
Trumbull Cnty html 28,933   26.7% 108,441 23.1%     11/5
Tuscarawas Cnty html 17,898   41.0% 43,650 26.4%     11/5
Union Cnty html 8,893   35.3% 25,227 31.2%     11/5
Warren Cnty html 35,616   33.3% 106,951 24.3%     11/5
Washington Cnty html 9,320   30.5% 30,538 28.8%     11/5
Williams Cnty html 4,469   24.1% 18,554 21.4%     11/5
Oklahoma   124,452
Party Reg
Dem 44.4%
Rep 49.2%
Other 6.4%
8.4% 1,474,694
13.0%
    11/5
Oregon
pdf 1,109,175
Party Reg
Dem 43.1%
Rep 34.6%
Other 22.4%
60.1% 1,845,251 100.0% 2,174,271
Party Reg
Dem 39.6%
Rep 31.0%
Other 29.4%
11/5
Pennsylvania   306,791
Party Reg
Dem 42.0%
Rep 46.9%
Other 11.2%
5.1% 6,071,357 3.9% 192,283
Party Reg
Dem 37.7%
Rep 52.7%
Other 9.6%
11/4
Rhode Island     475,428 5.1%      
South Carolina html 329,320   17.1% 1,927,153 17.4% 387,449   11/2
South Dakota html 89,086   23.0% 387,449 25.2% 92,815   11/6
Tennessee html 1,456,804   55.6% 2,618,238 59.2%     11/2
Texas
      8,077,795 66.5%      
(15 largest counties) html 3,400,796   66.4% 5,118,743 69.5%     11/3
Utah   350,000   36.0% 971,185 37.1%     11/2
Vermont     326,822 29.0%      
Virginia ftp 427,987
Age
18-25 12.7%
26-40 15.6%
41-60 33.1%
60+ 38.7%
Gender
Female 54.6%
Male 45.3%
11.4% 3,753,059 13.5% 474,031
  11/5
Washington         3,071,587 89.2%      
Benton Cnty html 55,708         98,260   11/3
Clark Cnty html 127,394         241,107   11/3
King Cnty html 608,905         1,177,719   11/3
Kitsap Cnty html 98,011         152,302   11/3
Pierce Cnty pdf 232,780         439,990   11/3
Snohomish Cnty pdf 167,264         417,774   11/3
Spokane Cnty pdf 152,563         285,122   11/3
Thurston Cnty html 66,057         159,525   11/3
Whatcom Cnty html 69,285             11/3
Yakima Cnty pdf 51,732         106,318   11/3
West Virginia html 163,788
Party Reg
Dem 50.5%
Rep 35.7%
None/Oth 13.8%
Method
In-person 92.0%
Mail 8.0%
22.4% 731,691 23.7%     11/5
Wisconsin   256,777^   8.6% 2,997,086 21.2%     10/31
Wyoming   43,173   16.9% 256,035 25.2%     10/29

^ In-person only

* Exercise caution in interpreting the Ohio early vote statistics!

The Nov. 5 Ohio Secretary of State's statewide reports are compiled from a survey of the county election officials conducted on Nov. 5. 53 of Ohio's 88 counties have reporting systems. For the statewide number I report here, I supplement the statewide report with local reports where a more current local report is available.

As with previous SoS reports, some counties are reporting fewer ballots cast than in the SoS report. Unlike past reports, the most discrepancies appear to be small and attributable perhaps to the timing of transmission of information to the SoS office. However, some counties' reports are out of date while the SoS reports larger and therefore what appear to be more current numbers. I report the SoS number for these counties, but it puzzles me why the county reports are out of date. I do not know if this is a symptom of some other problem or just another timing issue.

I cannot validate the 35 counties that do not have public reporting systems. So, keeping in mind the timing issues, proceed at your own risk when interpreting these numbers.

I spoke with Cuyahoga's media officer and confirmed that their report includes in-person votes even if it says "vote by mail." Generally, Ohio calls all ballots -- regardless if they are voted by mail or in-person -- absentee ballots. In-person votes are often identified in the county absentee reports as "IN OFFICE" or "OVER THE COUNTER".