United States Elections Project
   
 

Demographics of 2004 Voters: Current Population Survey

Last updated: Oct. 15, 2008

The past can sometimes be a guide to the future, especially as one attempts to interpret election polls. Often the representativeness of a poll will be criticized on some grounds, such as having too few young people or too many whites.

A point of comparison is the 2004 election. So who, voted in 2004? A reliable source for a demographic profile of voters is the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey (CPS). I have written elsewhere in a peer-reviewed article "The True Electorate" published in Public Opinion Quarterly ($) that the 2004 exit polls are likely not not reliable on some demographic measures, such as age and perhaps race. (Disclaimer: I consult for the media's national exit poll organization and we have taken many steps since 2004 to improve the accuracy of the exit polls).

In a November of a federal election year, the CPS asks a limited number of questions about voting and registration. Here, I've created cross-tabulations of selected demographics such as age, sex, race, education and income by state. Each row reports the proportion of voters in each category within the demographic. The margin of error is reported for each proportion is reported below in parentheses. The margin of error is computed for a 95% confidence interval, meaning that 95% of the time the true population value will by statistical chance be within +/- the margin of error. All polls have other non-statistical methodology errors, arising from who answers the survey, who asks the questions and how the questions are worded, among other potential sources of bias.

The tables are below, which you can also download as an Excel spreadsheet (2003 format):

Excel Turnout SpreadhseetCurrent Population Survey 2004 Voter Demos

Age

State
18-29
30-44
45-64
65+
United States 16.0% 27.3% 37.6% 19.0%
(0.2%) (0.2%) (0.2%) (0.2%)
Alabama 15.0% 26.7% 38.7% 19.6%
(1.3%) (1.6%) (1.7%) (1.4%)
Alaska 19.4% 27.8% 41.6% 11.2%
(1.4%) (1.5%) (1.7%) (1.1%)
Arizona 16.2% 23.6% 40.8% 19.4%
(1.4%) (1.6%) (1.8%) (1.5%)
Arkansas 14.2% 25.3% 38.8% 21.7%
(1.4%) (1.7%) (1.9%) (1.6%)
California 15.8% 27.4% 37.6% 19.3%
(0.6%) (0.8%) (0.8%) (0.7%)
Colorado 16.8% 29.5% 39.4% 14.4%
(1.1%) (1.3%) (1.4%) (1.0%)
Connecticut 12.3% 25.4% 40.9% 21.5%
(1.0%) (1.3%) (1.4%) (1.2%)
Delaware 15.2% 26.2% 36.1% 22.5%
(1.3%) (1.5%) (1.6%) (1.4%)
District of Columbia 22.6% 30.9% 33.7% 12.8%
(1.7%) (1.8%) (1.8%) (1.2%)
Florida 13.5% 23.9% 36.5% 26.1%
(0.7%) (0.9%) (1.0%) (0.9%)
Georgia 18.2% 32.2% 34.1% 15.6%
(1.3%) (1.5%) (1.5%) (1.2%)
Hawaii 11.2% 24.6% 39.1% 25.2%
(1.3%) (1.7%) (2.0%) (1.8%)
Idaho 20.3% 24.1% 37.5% 18.1%
(1.6%) (1.7%) (1.9%) (1.5%)
Illinois 15.4% 30.7% 36.3% 17.7%
(0.8%) (1.0%) (1.0%) (0.8%)
Indiana 15.1% 27.3% 37.6% 20.1%
(1.2%) (1.4%) (1.5%) (1.2%)
Iowa 19.0% 24.2% 35.6% 21.3%
(1.1%) (1.2%) (1.3%) (1.2%)
Kansas 15.1% 24.6% 41.1% 19.2%
(1.2%) (1.4%) (1.7%) (1.3%)
Kentucky 18.4% 27.1% 36.8% 17.7%
(1.4%) (1.5%) (1.6%) (1.3%)
Lousiana 19.1% 29.6% 35.8% 15.5%
(1.8%) (1.9%) (2.0%) (1.4%)
Maine 15.3% 27.1% 38.7% 18.9%
(1.0%) (1.1%) (1.2%) (1.0%)
Maryland 12.8% 29.3% 41.9% 16.0%
(1.0%) (1.4%) (1.5%) (1.1%)
Massachusetts 16.4% 26.4% 37.0% 20.2%
(1.2%) (1.3%) (1.4%) (1.2%)
Michigan 17.2% 27.8% 37.1% 17.9%
(0.9%) (1.1%) (1.1%) (0.9%)
Minnesota 19.8% 29.0% 36.7% 14.6%
(1.0%) (1.1%) (1.2%) (0.9%)
Mississippi 19.9% 27.3% 34.0% 18.8%
(1.8%) (2.0%) (1.9%) (1.6%)
Missouri 14.9% 29.0% 34.3% 21.8%
(1.2%) (1.4%) (1.4%) (1.4%)
Montana 14.6% 22.8% 41.0% 21.6%
(1.4%) (1.6%) (1.9%) (1.6%)
Nebraska 16.2% 25.5% 38.0% 20.4%
(1.2%) (1.4%) (1.5%) (1.3%)
Nevada 14.5% 28.5% 38.5% 18.6%
(1.3%) (1.6%) (1.6%) (1.3%)
New Hampshire 13.9% 29.7% 36.8% 19.5%
(1.0%) (1.2%) (1.3%) (1.1%)
New Jersey 14.0% 28.4% 39.0% 18.7%
(1.0%) (1.3%) (1.3%) (1.1%)
New Mexico 16.0% 26.8% 38.5% 18.7%
(1.5%) (1.7%) (2.0%) (1.6%)
New York 17.4% 26.0% 37.1% 19.5%
(0.8%) (0.9%) (1.0%) (0.8%)
North Carolina 16.5% 28.5% 34.7% 20.4%
(1.2%) (1.3%) (1.4%) (1.3%)
North Dakota 17.8% 24.4% 38.2% 19.6%
(1.3%) (1.4%) (1.6%) (1.3%)
Ohio 16.6% 28.2% 36.8% 18.4%
(0.9%) (1.0%) (1.1%) (0.9%)
Oklahoma 16.0% 22.1% 42.2% 19.7%
(1.4%) (1.6%) (1.9%) (1.5%)
Oregon 15.2% 26.9% 37.6% 20.4%
(1.2%) (1.4%) (1.5%) (1.2%)
Pennsylvannia 13.8% 27.3% 39.0% 19.8%
(0.8%) (1.0%) (1.1%) (0.9%)
Rhode Island 12.0% 28.5% 37.0% 22.6%
(1.1%) (1.4%) (1.5%) (1.3%)
South Carolina 14.7% 28.3% 38.5% 18.5%
(1.3%) (1.6%) (1.7%) (1.3%)
South Dakota 18.5% 22.0% 39.3% 20.3%
(1.3%) (1.3%) (1.6%) (1.3%)
Tennessee 16.8% 23.6% 41.3% 18.3%
(1.4%) (1.5%) (1.8%) (1.4%)
Texas 16.9% 28.5% 37.8% 16.9%
(0.8%) (0.9%) (1.0%) (0.8%)
Utah 26.3% 27.4% 28.3% 18.1%
(1.6%) (1.6%) (1.6%) (1.4%)
Vermont 13.6% 26.2% 40.2% 19.9%
(1.1%) (1.4%) (1.5%) (1.2%)
Virginia 12.3% 29.4% 39.7% 18.7%
(1.1%) (1.4%) (1.5%) (1.1%)
Washington 16.1% 26.4% 42.0% 15.5%
(1.2%) (1.3%) (1.5%) (1.1%)
West Virginia 15.9% 23.8% 39.0% 21.4%
(1.4%) (1.6%) (1.8%) (1.5%)
Wisconsin 17.7% 27.5% 36.7% 18.2%
(1.1%) (1.3%) (1.4%) (1.1%)
Wyoming 16.3% 24.3% 42.0% 17.4%
(1.3%) (1.4%) (1.6%) (1.2%)

Sex

State
Men
Women
United States 46.5% 53.5%
(0.2%) (0.2%)
Alabama 45.4% 54.6%
(1.8%) (1.8%)
Alaska 49.7% 50.3%
(1.7%) (1.7%)
Arizona 46.2% 53.8%
(1.8%) (1.8%)
Arkansas 45.9% 54.1%
(2.0%) (2.0%)
California 47.0% 53.0%
(0.9%) (0.9%)
Colorado 48.5% 51.5%
(1.4%) (1.4%)
Connecticut 46.2% 53.8%
(1.5%) (1.5%)
Delaware 45.3% 54.7%
(1.7%) (1.7%)
District of Columbia 43.8% 56.3%
(1.9%) (1.9%)
Florida 45.8% 54.2%
(1.0%) (1.0%)
Georgia 45.1% 54.9%
(1.6%) (1.6%)
Hawaii 45.3% 54.7%
(2.0%) (2.0%)
Idaho 46.7% 53.3%
(1.9%) (1.9%)
Illinois 46.6% 53.5%
(1.1%) (1.1%)
Indiana 48.0% 52.0%
(1.6%) (1.6%)
Iowa 46.5% 53.5%
(1.4%) (1.4%)
Kansas 46.7% 53.3%
(1.7%) (1.7%)
Kentucky 45.8% 54.2%
(1.7%) (1.7%)
Lousiana 46.6% 53.4%
(2.1%) (2.1%)
Maine 47.0% 53.0%
(1.3%) (1.3%)
Maryland 46.1% 53.9%
(1.5%) (1.5%)
Massachusetts 46.3% 53.7%
(1.5%) (1.5%)
Michigan 46.9% 53.1%
(1.2%) (1.2%)
Minnesota 47.6% 52.4%
(1.3%) (1.3%)
Mississippi 42.6% 57.4%
(2.1%) (2.1%)
Missouri 46.1% 53.9%
(1.6%) (1.6%)
Montana 47.8% 52.2%
(1.9%) (1.9%)
Nebraska 46.2% 53.8%
(1.6%) (1.6%)
Nevada 48.4% 51.6%
(1.7%) (1.7%)
New Hampshire 47.2% 52.8%
(1.3%) (1.3%)
New Jersey 45.4% 54.6%
(1.4%) (1.4%)
New Mexico 46.9% 53.1%
(2.0%) (2.0%)
New York 46.3% 53.7%
(1.0%) (1.0%)
North Carolina 44.7% 55.3%
(1.5%) (1.5%)
North Dakota 47.7% 52.3%
(1.6%) (1.6%)
Ohio 47.1% 53.0%
(1.2%) (1.2%)
Oklahoma 47.0% 53.0%
(1.9%) (1.9%)
Oregon 47.4% 52.7%
(1.5%) (1.5%)
Pennsylvannia 46.9% 53.1%
(1.1%) (1.1%)
Rhode Island 45.7% 54.3%
(1.5%) (1.5%)
South Carolina 45.4% 54.6%
(1.7%) (1.7%)
South Dakota 46.0% 54.0%
(1.6%) (1.6%)
Tennessee 46.4% 53.6%
(1.8%) (1.8%)
Texas 46.3% 53.7%
(1.0%) (1.0%)
Utah 48.3% 51.7%
(1.8%) (1.8%)
Vermont 46.7% 53.3%
(1.6%) (1.6%)
Virginia 46.1% 53.9%
(1.5%) (1.5%)
Washington 47.1% 52.9%
(1.5%) (1.5%)
West Virginia 46.0% 54.0%
(1.8%) (1.8%)
Wisconsin 48.1% 51.9%
(1.4%) (1.4%)
Wyoming 49.2% 50.9%
(1.6%) (1.6%)

Race/Ethnicity

The Census Bureau asks two questions to probe an individual's race (White, Black, etc.) and ethnicity (Hispanic/non-Hispanic). I present four categories that are a combination of these two questions: non-Hispanic White, non-Hispanic Black, Hispanic, and all other residual categories. I know this is not politically correct language, but these are the Census Bureau's designations and I want to be consistent with the Census Bureau's terminology to aid those who might wish to replicate these numbers. I also understand that I am collapsing the Asian-American and Native American populations into the same category, but the number of respondents are often very low.

State
Non-Hispanic White
Non-Hispanic Black
Hispanic
All Other
United States 79.2% 11.2% 6.0% 3.6%
(0.2%) (0.2%) (0.1%) (0.1%)
Alabama 73.9% 25.1% 0.1% 0.9%
(1.6%) (1.5%) (0.1%) (0.3%)
Alaska 82.2% 2.9% 3.6% 11.4%
(1.3%) (0.5%) (0.6%) (1.1%)
Arizona 80.5% 3.1% 13.2% 3.2%
(1.5%) (0.6%) (1.3%) (0.6%)
Arkansas 84.1% 12.9% 0.6% 2.4%
(1.6%) (1.6%) (0.3%) (0.5%)
California 64.9% 8.2% 16.3% 10.6%
(0.8%) (0.5%) (0.6%) (0.5%)
Colorado 87.1% 2.7% 7.9% 2.3%
(1.0%) (0.4%) (0.8%) (0.4%)
Connecticut 86.5% 7.5% 3.7% 2.3%
(1.1%) (0.9%) (0.6%) (0.5%)
Delaware 80.9% 14.8% 3.2% 1.1%
(1.4%) (1.2%) (0.6%) (0.4%)
District of Columbia 40.7% 54.0% 3.5% 1.8%
(1.9%) (1.9%) (0.7%) (0.5%)
Florida 75.6% 11.0% 11.2% 2.2%
(0.9%) (0.7%) (0.7%) (0.3%)
Georgia 69.8% 27.7% 0.8% 1.7%
(1.4%) (1.3%) (0.3%) (0.5%)
Hawaii 28.0% 1.8% 4.3% 65.9%
(1.8%) (0.6%) (0.8%) (1.9%)
Idaho 95.5% 0.0% 2.4% 2.2%
(0.8%) (0.0%) (0.6%) (0.6%)
Illinois 77.9% 15.1% 5.2% 1.9%
(0.9%) (0.8%) (0.5%) (0.3%)
Indiana 89.4% 7.8% 1.6% 1.2%
(1.0%) (0.9%) (0.4%) (0.4%)
Iowa 96.1% 1.7% 0.8% 1.4%
(0.5%) (0.4%) (0.3%) (0.3%)
Kansas 90.6% 4.5% 2.4% 2.5%
(0.9%) (0.6%) (0.5%) (0.5%)
Kentucky 90.6% 7.2% 0.8% 1.3%
(1.0%) (0.9%) (0.3%) (0.4%)
Lousiana 69.2% 29.7% 0.8% 0.4%
(1.9%) (1.9%) (0.4%) (0.2%)
Maine 96.2% 0.7% 1.0% 2.2%
(0.5%) (0.3%) (0.3%) (0.4%)
Maryland 70.0% 24.9% 2.2% 2.9%
(1.4%) (1.3%) (0.4%) (0.5%)
Massachusetts 91.0% 3.3% 3.4% 2.3%
(0.9%) (0.6%) (0.6%) (0.4%)
Michigan 83.5% 12.6% 1.5% 2.5%
(0.9%) (0.8%) (0.3%) (0.4%)
Minnesota 92.1% 3.1% 1.7% 3.2%
(0.7%) (0.5%) (0.3%) (0.5%)
Mississippi 61.2% 36.9% 1.0% 0.9%
(2.1%) (2.1%) (0.4%) (0.4%)
Missouri 85.0% 11.9% 1.2% 1.8%
(1.2%) (1.1%) (0.4%) (0.4%)
Montana 94.5% 0.0% 1.0% 4.5%
(0.8%) (0.0%) (0.4%) (0.8%)
Nebraska 93.4% 2.6% 2.4% 1.5%
(0.8%) (0.5%) (0.5%) (0.4%)
Nevada 80.0% 6.8% 8.2% 5.0%
(1.4%) (0.9%) (1.0%) (0.8%)
New Hampshire 97.3% 0.2% 0.7% 1.8%
(0.4%) (0.2%) (0.2%) (0.4%)
New Jersey 76.9% 12.5% 7.5% 3.2%
(1.2%) (1.0%) (0.7%) (0.5%)
New Mexico 56.3% 1.9% 32.9% 8.9%
(2.0%) (0.8%) (1.9%) (1.0%)
New York 75.9% 12.6% 8.0% 3.5%
(0.9%) (0.7%) (0.6%) (0.4%)
North Carolina 74.5% 21.6% 0.7% 3.1%
(1.4%) (1.3%) (0.3%) (0.5%)
North Dakota 96.2% 0.4% 0.5% 3.0%
(0.6%) (0.2%) (0.2%) (0.5%)
Ohio 86.1% 11.0% 1.6% 1.3%
(0.8%) (0.7%) (0.3%) (0.2%)
Oklahoma 80.9% 7.1% 1.7% 10.3%
(1.5%) (0.9%) (0.5%) (1.1%)
Oregon 93.1% 1.3% 1.9% 3.8%
(0.8%) (0.4%) (0.4%) (0.6%)
Pennsylvannia 89.1% 8.5% 1.5% 0.9%
(0.7%) (0.7%) (0.3%) (0.2%)
Rhode Island 92.3% 3.8% 2.7% 1.3%
(0.9%) (0.6%) (0.5%) (0.3%)
South Carolina 72.5% 26.3% 0.7% 0.5%
(1.5%) (1.5%) (0.3%) (0.2%)
South Dakota 96.0% 0.3% 0.9% 2.8%
(0.6%) (0.2%) (0.3%) (0.5%)
Tennessee 83.9% 14.4% 0.4% 1.3%
(1.4%) (1.3%) (0.2%) (0.4%)
Texas 65.8% 12.0% 19.3% 3.0%
(1.0%) (0.7%) (0.8%) (0.4%)
Utah 95.7% 0.5% 2.6% 1.2%
(0.7%) (0.2%) (0.6%) (0.4%)
Vermont 96.9% 0.3% 0.7% 2.2%
(0.5%) (0.2%) (0.3%) (0.4%)
Virginia 80.6% 15.1% 2.2% 2.2%
(1.3%) (1.2%) (0.5%) (0.4%)
Washington 86.3% 2.8% 1.5% 9.4%
(1.1%) (0.6%) (0.4%) (0.9%)
West Virginia 95.9% 2.7% 0.1% 1.3%
(0.6%) (0.5%) (0.1%) (0.4%)
Wisconsin 91.5% 4.6% 2.2% 1.7%
(0.8%) (0.6%) (0.4%) (0.3%)
Wyoming 93.6% 0.4% 4.2% 1.8%
(0.8%) (0.3%) (0.7%) (0.4%)

Household Income

State
<$50K
$50K to $100K
$100K+
United States 53.1% 30.8% 16.1%
(0.2%) (0.2%) (0.2%)
Alabama 60.8% 30.0% 9.3%
(1.8%) (1.7%) (1.0%)
Alaska 41.9% 40.9% 17.2%
(1.7%) (1.7%) (1.3%)
Arizona 49.1% 36.4% 14.6%
(1.8%) (1.8%) (1.3%)
Arkansas 64.5% 29.4% 6.2%
(1.9%) (1.8%) (0.9%)
California 46.0% 30.5% 23.5%
(0.9%) (0.8%) (0.7%)
Colorado 44.6% 35.0% 20.4%
(1.4%) (1.4%) (1.1%)
Connecticut 44.6% 30.2% 25.2%
(1.5%) (1.4%) (1.3%)
Delaware 49.3% 32.4% 18.3%
(1.7%) (1.6%) (1.3%)
District of Columbia 49.1% 24.6% 26.4%
(1.9%) (1.6%) (1.7%)
Florida 58.2% 28.1% 13.7%
(1.0%) (0.9%) (0.7%)
Georgia 55.3% 29.4% 15.3%
(1.6%) (1.5%) (1.2%)
Hawaii 51.5% 32.2% 16.3%
(2.0%) (1.9%) (1.5%)
Idaho 63.2% 26.3% 10.5%
(1.9%) (1.7%) (1.2%)
Illinois 53.3% 29.8% 17.0%
(1.1%) (1.0%) (0.8%)
Indiana 55.2% 33.1% 11.8%
(1.6%) (1.5%) (1.0%)
Iowa 55.7% 35.8% 8.6%
(1.4%) (1.3%) (0.8%)
Kansas 51.2% 33.2% 15.6%
(1.7%) (1.6%) (1.3%)
Kentucky 58.0% 32.1% 9.9%
(1.6%) (1.6%) (1.0%)
Lousiana 66.0% 27.2% 6.8%
(2.0%) (1.9%) (1.0%)
Maine 60.6% 28.4% 11.0%
(1.3%) (1.2%) (0.8%)
Maryland 36.5% 35.0% 28.5%
(1.4%) (1.4%) (1.4%)
Massachusetts 48.7% 27.8% 23.5%
(1.5%) (1.3%) (1.3%)
Michigan 56.5% 29.2% 14.3%
(1.2%) (1.1%) (0.8%)
Minnesota 47.8% 32.4% 19.8%
(1.3%) (1.2%) (1.0%)
Mississippi 72.9% 22.0% 5.1%
(1.9%) (1.8%) (0.9%)
Missouri 59.6% 29.7% 10.8%
(1.5%) (1.4%) (0.9%)
Montana 68.1% 27.0% 4.9%
(1.8%) (1.7%) (0.9%)
Nebraska 55.4% 35.2% 9.4%
(1.6%) (1.5%) (0.9%)
Nevada 47.5% 36.5% 16.0%
(1.7%) (1.7%) (1.2%)
New Hampshire 45.7% 33.7% 20.6%
(1.3%) (1.3%) (1.1%)
New Jersey 39.0% 33.2% 27.8%
(1.4%) (1.3%) (1.2%)
New Mexico 59.7% 31.0% 9.3%
(2.0%) (1.9%) (1.1%)
New York 55.1% 26.1% 18.8%
(1.0%) (0.9%) (0.8%)
North Carolina 57.3% 30.7% 12.0%
(1.5%) (1.5%) (0.9%)
North Dakota 60.9% 33.0% 6.1%
(1.6%) (1.5%) (0.8%)
Ohio 54.9% 30.7% 14.4%
(1.2%) (1.1%) (0.8%)
Oklahoma 63.0% 27.8% 9.2%
(1.9%) (1.7%) (1.1%)
Oregon 55.4% 33.8% 10.9%
(1.5%) (1.5%) (1.0%)
Pennsylvannia 52.7% 32.2% 15.1%
(1.1%) (1.0%) (0.8%)
Rhode Island 48.2% 34.7% 17.1%
(1.5%) (1.5%) (1.2%)
South Carolina 56.8% 35.0% 8.2%
(1.7%) (1.7%) (0.9%)
South Dakota 59.8% 33.1% 7.1%
(1.6%) (1.5%) (0.8%)
Tennessee 60.9% 26.4% 12.7%
(1.8%) (1.6%) (1.3%)
Texas 52.5% 31.0% 16.5%
(1.0%) (1.0%) (0.8%)
Utah 52.0% 38.4% 9.6%
(1.8%) (1.7%) (1.0%)
Vermont 56.8% 34.9% 8.3%
(1.6%) (1.5%) (0.9%)
Virginia 46.9% 32.1% 21.0%
(1.5%) (1.4%) (1.2%)
Washington 46.4% 36.3% 17.3%
(1.5%) (1.5%) (1.1%)
West Virginia 73.2% 19.6% 7.3%
(1.6%) (1.5%) (0.9%)
Wisconsin 54.5% 33.4% 12.2%
(1.4%) (1.3%) (0.9%)
Wyoming 54.2% 37.5% 8.3%
(1.6%) (1.6%) (0.9%)

Education

State
No High School Diploma
High School Diploma
Some College or Associates Degree
Bachelor's Degree
Post-Graduate Education
United States 8.1% 28.6% 31.0% 21.1% 11.3%
(0.1%) (0.2%) (0.2%) (0.2%) (0.2%)
Alabama 12.9% 28.7% 30.7% 20.1% 7.6%
(1.2%) (1.6%) (1.7%) (1.4%) (0.9%)
Alaska 5.7% 26.4% 37.6% 20.3% 10.0%
(0.8%) (1.5%) (1.7%) (1.4%) (1.1%)
Arizona 7.2% 24.5% 35.8% 20.8% 11.7%
(1.0%) (1.6%) (1.8%) (1.5%) (1.2%)
Arkansas 10.5% 33.8% 30.1% 19.4% 6.1%
(1.3%) (1.9%) (1.8%) (1.5%) (0.9%)
California 7.0% 20.9% 35.2% 25.0% 11.9%
(0.4%) (0.7%) (0.8%) (0.7%) (0.5%)
Colorado 4.2% 21.8% 30.1% 30.1% 13.8%
(0.6%) (1.2%) (1.3%) (1.3%) (1.0%)
Connecticut 8.0% 26.4% 24.6% 23.7% 17.4%
(0.8%) (1.3%) (1.3%) (1.2%) (1.1%)
Delaware 7.4% 31.9% 29.4% 20.6% 10.7%
(0.9%) (1.6%) (1.6%) (1.4%) (1.0%)
District of Columbia 7.7% 17.5% 18.5% 28.1% 28.1%
(1.0%) (1.5%) (1.5%) (1.7%) (1.7%)
Florida 8.5% 29.0% 30.6% 22.1% 9.8%
(0.6%) (0.9%) (1.0%) (0.9%) (0.6%)
Georgia 9.6% 26.9% 32.0% 21.4% 10.1%
(0.9%) (1.4%) (1.5%) (1.4%) (1.0%)
Hawaii 5.4% 22.6% 34.5% 25.8% 11.6%
(0.9%) (1.7%) (1.9%) (1.8%) (1.3%)
Idaho 6.3% 28.5% 37.3% 20.1% 7.9%
(1.0%) (1.8%) (1.9%) (1.6%) (1.1%)
Illinois 7.6% 27.6% 30.9% 21.4% 12.5%
(0.6%) (1.0%) (1.0%) (0.9%) (0.7%)
Indiana 8.5% 36.1% 29.4% 18.1% 7.9%
(0.9%) (1.5%) (1.4%) (1.2%) (0.8%)
Iowa 4.3% 33.3% 36.9% 17.6% 8.0%
(0.6%) (1.3%) (1.4%) (1.1%) (0.8%)
Kansas 4.6% 28.1% 32.4% 22.5% 12.5%
(0.7%) (1.5%) (1.6%) (1.4%) (1.2%)
Kentucky 11.7% 33.5% 29.9% 16.2% 8.8%
(1.1%) (1.6%) (1.5%) (1.2%) (0.9%)
Lousiana 11.3% 34.7% 28.2% 18.8% 7.1%
(1.3%) (2.0%) (1.9%) (1.6%) (1.0%)
Maine 6.6% 37.0% 29.1% 17.8% 9.6%
(0.6%) (1.2%) (1.2%) (1.0%) (0.8%)
Maryland 5.9% 27.6% 28.1% 20.7% 17.7%
(0.7%) (1.3%) (1.4%) (1.2%) (1.1%)
Massachusetts 6.1% 27.8% 24.4% 24.6% 17.2%
(0.7%) (1.3%) (1.3%) (1.3%) (1.1%)
Michigan 8.6% 32.4% 32.8% 16.3% 10.0%
(0.7%) (1.1%) (1.1%) (0.9%) (0.7%)
Minnesota 6.4% 23.2% 35.8% 24.9% 9.7%
(0.6%) (1.1%) (1.2%) (1.1%) (0.7%)
Mississippi 20.0% 30.1% 28.6% 13.5% 7.8%
(1.7%) (2.0%) (2.0%) (1.5%) (1.1%)
Missouri 10.0% 30.5% 29.7% 20.7% 9.2%
(0.9%) (1.4%) (1.4%) (1.3%) (0.9%)
Montana 5.8% 29.6% 36.6% 20.8% 7.3%
(0.9%) (1.7%) (1.9%) (1.5%) (1.0%)
Nebraska 5.9% 29.4% 32.6% 22.7% 9.4%
(0.8%) (1.4%) (1.5%) (1.3%) (0.9%)
Nevada 6.0% 31.7% 35.2% 18.2% 9.0%
(0.8%) (1.6%) (1.6%) (1.3%) (1.0%)
New Hampshire 7.4% 28.5% 26.7% 23.0% 14.5%
(0.7%) (1.2%) (1.2%) (1.1%) (0.9%)
New Jersey 6.7% 32.0% 25.1% 23.4% 12.7%
(0.7%) (1.3%) (1.2%) (1.2%) (0.9%)
New Mexico 9.8% 24.8% 37.2% 18.9% 9.4%
(1.2%) (1.7%) (2.0%) (1.6%) (1.1%)
New York 8.2% 30.0% 27.2% 19.7% 14.9%
(0.6%) (0.9%) (0.9%) (0.8%) (0.7%)
North Carolina 10.7% 29.2% 29.4% 20.1% 10.7%
(0.9%) (1.3%) (1.4%) (1.2%) (1.0%)
North Dakota 7.2% 24.0% 41.2% 22.7% 5.0%
(0.8%) (1.4%) (1.6%) (1.3%) (0.7%)
Ohio 8.7% 34.7% 30.2% 16.7% 9.7%
(0.6%) (1.1%) (1.1%) (0.9%) (0.7%)
Oklahoma 10.8% 30.9% 29.3% 19.4% 9.6%
(1.2%) (1.8%) (1.7%) (1.5%) (1.1%)
Oregon 5.9% 25.1% 39.3% 20.5% 9.3%
(0.7%) (1.3%) (1.5%) (1.2%) (0.9%)
Pennsylvannia 7.4% 34.2% 24.6% 22.1% 11.8%
(0.6%) (1.0%) (0.9%) (0.9%) (0.7%)
Rhode Island 8.8% 29.2% 25.1% 22.9% 14.1%
(0.9%) (1.4%) (1.4%) (1.3%) (1.1%)
South Carolina 9.4% 27.9% 36.4% 16.9% 9.3%
(1.0%) (1.5%) (1.7%) (1.3%) (1.0%)
South Dakota 8.4% 30.2% 34.8% 19.1% 7.6%
(0.9%) (1.5%) (1.5%) (1.3%) (0.9%)
Tennessee 11.7% 29.1% 31.0% 17.7% 10.6%
(1.1%) (1.6%) (1.7%) (1.4%) (1.1%)
Texas 8.9% 26.1% 31.8% 21.8% 11.4%
(0.6%) (0.9%) (1.0%) (0.9%) (0.7%)
Utah 3.0% 26.9% 37.3% 23.5% 9.3%
(0.6%) (1.6%) (1.7%) (1.5%) (1.0%)
Vermont 5.8% 30.3% 25.9% 25.7% 12.3%
(0.7%) (1.4%) (1.4%) (1.4%) (1.0%)
Virginia 7.0% 26.0% 27.0% 24.2% 15.8%
(0.7%) (1.3%) (1.3%) (1.3%) (1.1%)
Washington 4.4% 23.3% 37.5% 22.5% 12.4%
(0.6%) (1.3%) (1.5%) (1.2%) (1.0%)
West Virginia 10.7% 39.6% 26.4% 13.8% 9.5%
(1.1%) (1.8%) (1.6%) (1.3%) (1.1%)
Wisconsin 7.0% 33.6% 32.0% 19.0% 8.5%
(0.7%) (1.4%) (1.3%) (1.1%) (0.8%)
Wyoming 6.6% 30.8% 39.4% 16.9% 6.4%
(0.9%) (1.5%) (1.6%) (1.2%) (0.8%)